July 9, the Republic of South Sudan gained its independence. Sudan was immediately recognized and established diplomatic relations with it.
The Minister of State, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, Alain Juppe, was involved in Juba ceremonies of independence, and has signed with South Sudanese Deng Alor exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations between France and the Republic Southern Sudan (photo).
Sudan is a country of 1.8 million square kilometers, inhabited by 33 million, the GDP of 66.6 billion U.S. dollars, according to statistics from Khartoum. But there are still many issues to clarify the practical consequences of the separation of the two countries, which will be negotiated in the months to come.