Water supply project in the Franco-German town of Yei
AFD and GIZ (German Technical Cooperation) signed a financing agreement of € 6 million for a project of water supply in Juba April 7, 2011. The AFD grant complements that granted by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation (BMZ) for the same amount.
The Franco-German co-financing should enable the development of the urban water sector in Southern Sudan.
Training commensurate with the level of groundwater
Latrines construites à l’école primaire
It is estimated that only 29% of the population has access to drinking water, and only 5% with respect to sanitation. In the cities, access to drinking water is even worse: almost no network is functional and the access rate is estimated at 14%. These statistics place the Southern Sudan in the last place in the world.
This alarming fact is likely to be exacerbated by migration flows: first a strong rural exodus (the population is still rural and 80%), the other a return of refugees and IDPs has accelerated since the creation of the new state.
Several types of kiosks selling water were tested to determine the best suited to the context of South Sudan.
Since the peace agreements, there is still institutional progress: a sectoral policy gets implemented since 2009, a Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) now provides a coordinating role in the sector, a water company urban was created, etc..
These reforms remain unfinished and still struggling to implement because of lack of capacity of national actors.
In this context, capacity building has emerged as a priority and is, as such an essential part of the project is divided into four components:
1. Strengthening the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI)
2. Reform of Urban Water Company of Southern Sudan (SSUWC)
3. The implementation of pilot measures in the town of Yei
4. Capacity building of actors in water
The strategic choice of the town of Yei
• south of South Sudan, she was spared the conflict more or less important that accompanied the separation of North
• positioned at the intersection of roads linking the country to Uganda and the DRC, it has the potential to become an important secondary center which will limit the influx of migrants to the capital Juba.
Achievements in Yei consist of a basic distribution network, a score of kiosks selling water, wells, water towers, public latrines (especially in schools) and campaigns for hygiene promotion , a pool of wastewater and sludge ... These facilities will directly benefit 20 000 people who will see their living conditions and improved.
But the issue is broader: Yei is actually the "test center" of the implementation of national water policy. An operator will be created to manage the operation and for the first time in Southern Sudan, the tariffs will be set to cover operating costs in order to sustain the service.
A center for training in water with a national will also be introduced
These pilot measures will strengthen the capacity of stakeholders at all levels (national, regional and local) taking into account the decentralization laws. Governments will be affected as well as the private sector (artisans, electrical mechanics, electricians ...).
In the picture:
Front row: Didier Grébert, AFD - Christian Bader, Ambassador of South Sudan - Manfred van Eckert, representative of the GIZ in Southern Sudan
Second row: Isaac Liabwel, Secretary General of Southern Sudan Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation - Norbert Hagen, Program Manager for Urban Water Giz.
In 2010, France has spent € 5,142,184 in Sudan (FSP, FSD, CIAA, CDC, Out of crisis, bilateral envelope, Basket Funds) of which approximately € 2.422 million for southern Sudan.